Distribution and conservation standing of West Virginia crayfishes

Southeastern Naturalist
By:  and 



The diversity of crayfishes in West Virginia represents a transition between the species-rich southern Appalachian faunas and the depauperate crayfish diversity in the northeastern United States. Currently, 22 described species occur in the state, of which 6 are given S1 status, and 3 are introduced species. One species, Orconectes limosus (Spinycheek Crayfish) is considered extirpated within the past decade. Imperiled species include Cambarus veteranus (Big Sandy Crayfish),Cambarus elkensis (Elk River Crayfish), Cambarus longulus (Atlantic Slope Crayfish), andCambarus nerterius (Greenbrier Cave Crayfish). Three species—O. virilis (Virile Crayfish),Orconectes rusticus (Rusty Crayfish), and Procambarus zonangulus (Southern White River Crawfish)—have introduced populations within the state. Procambarus acutus (White River Crawfish) occurs in bottomland forest along the Ohio River floodplain, and is considered native. Several undescribed taxa have been identified and currently are being described. A statewide survey was initiated in 2007 to document the current distribution and conservation status of crayfishes in West Virginia.

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Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Distribution and conservation standing of West Virginia crayfishes
Series title Southeastern Naturalist
DOI 10.1656/058.009.s304
Year Published 2010
Language English
Publisher Eagle hill institute
Contributing office(s) Coop Res Unit Leetown
Description 16 p.
First page 63
Last page 78
Country United States
State West Virginia
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