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Concordance of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA markers in detecting a founder event in Lake Clark sockeye salmon

American Fisheries Society Symposium
By: , and 

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Abstract

Genetic bottleneck effects can reduce genetic variation, persistence probability, and evolutionary potential of populations. Previous microsatellite analysis suggested a bottleneck associated with a common founding of sock-eye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka populations of Lake Clark, Alaska, about 100 to 400 generations ago. The common foundingevent occurred after the last glacial recession and resulted in reduced allelic diversity and strong divergence of Lake Clarksockeye salmon relative to neighboring Six Mile Lake and LakeIliamna populations. Here we used two additional genetic marker types (allozymes and mtDNA) to examine these patterns further. Allozyme and mtDNA results were congruent with the microsatellite data in suggesting a common founder event in LakeClark sockeye salmon and confirmed the divergence of Lake Clarkpopulations from neighboring Six Mile Lake and Lake Iliamna populations. The use of multiple marker types provided better understanding of the bottleneck in Lake Clark. For example, the Sucker Bay Lake population had an exceptionally severe reduction in allelic diversity at microsatellite loci, but not at mtDNA. This suggests that the reduced microsatellite variation in Sucker Bay Lake fish is due to consistently smaller effective population size than other Lake Clark populations, rather than a more acute or additional bottleneck since founding. Caution is urged in using reduced heterozygosity as a measure of genetic bottleneck effects because stochastic variance among loci resulted in an overall increase in allozyme heterozygosity within bottlenecked Lake Clark populations. However, heterozygosity excess, which assesses heterozygosity relative to allelic variation, detected genetic bottleneck effects in both allozyme and microsatellite loci. 

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Concordance of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA markers in detecting a founder event in Lake Clark sockeye salmon
Series title American Fisheries Society Symposium
Volume 54
Year Published 2007
Language English
Publisher American Fisheries Society
Publisher location Bethesda, MD
Contributing office(s) Alaska Science Center
Description 20 p.
First page 31
Last page 50
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N