Priodontes maximus (Cingulata: Chlamyphoridae)

Mammalian Species
By: , and 



Priodontes maximus (Kerr, 1792), called the giant armadillo, is monotypic and by far the largest extant armadillo. Average adult weight is about 30kg (in captivity, as high as 80kg). Its carapace extends about halfway down its sides, making it impossible to curl up tightly. It is dark brown to black dorsally, with a broad light band around the lower part of its carapace. It primarily digs to escape, enhanced by its 20-cm, sickle-shaped nail on its 3rd forefingers. P. maximus is widely distributed in South America but nowhere abundant. It is affected by habitat loss and fragmentation, agriculture, hunting, collection for museum specimens, and illegal animal trafficking. P. maximus is listed as “Vulnerable” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Priodontes maximus (Cingulata: Chlamyphoridae)
Series title Mammalian Species
DOI 10.1093/mspecies/sew002
Volume 48
Issue 932
Year Published 2016
Language English
Publisher Oxford University Press
Contributing office(s) Coop Res Unit Leetown
Description 14 p.
First page 21
Last page 34
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N