Trace metal bioavailability: Modeling chemical and biological interactions of sediment-bound zinc

By:  and 
Edited by: Everett A. Jenne



Extractable concentrations of sediment-bound Zn, as modified by the physicochemical form of the metal in the sediments, controlled Zn concentrations in the deposit-feeding bivalvesScrobicularia plana (collected from 40 stations in 17 estuaries in southwest England) andMacoma balthica (from 28 stations in San Francisco Bay). Over a wide range of concentrations, a significant correlation was found between ammonium acetate-soluble concentrations of Zn in sediments and Zn concentrations in Scrobicularia. This correlation was insufficiently precise to be of predictive value for Scrobicularia, and did not hold for Macoma over the narrower range of Zn concentrations observed in San Francisco Bay. Strong correlation of Zn concentrations inScrobicularia and the bioavailability of sediment-bound Zn to Macoma with ratios of sorption substrate (oxides of iron and manganese, organic carbon, carbonates, humic materials) concentrations in sediments were found in both the English and San Francisco Bay study areas. These correlations were attributed to substrate competition for sorption of Zn within sediments, assuming: 1) competition for sorption of Zn was largely controlled by the relative concentrations of substrates present in the sediments and 2) the bioavailability of Zn to the deposit feeders was determined by the partitioning of Zn among the substrates. The correlations indicated that the availability of Zn to the bivalves increased when concentrations of either amorphous inorganic oxides or humic substances increased in sediments. Availability was reduced at increased concentrations of organic carbon and, in San Francisco Bay, ammonium acetate-soluble Mn. Concentrations of biologically available Zn in solution and low salinities may also have enhanced Zn uptake, although the roles of these variables were less obvious from the statistical analysis.

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Trace metal bioavailability: Modeling chemical and biological interactions of sediment-bound zinc
Chapter 26
DOI 10.1021/bk-1979-0093.ch026
Year Published 1979
Language English
Publisher American Chemical Society Publications
Publisher location Washington, D.C.
Contributing office(s) San Francisco Bay-Delta, Pacific Regional Director's Office
Description 33 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Monograph
Larger Work Title Chemical Modeling in Aqueous Systems
First page 577
Last page 609
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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