Hydraulic modeling development and application in water resources engineering

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Edited by: Chih Ted Yang and Lawrence K. Wang

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Abstract

The use of modeling has become widespread in water resources engineering and science to study rivers, lakes, estuaries, and coastal regions. For example, computer models are commonly used to forecast anthropogenic effects on the environment, and to help provide advanced mitigation measures against catastrophic events such as natural and dam-break floods. Linking hydraulic models to vegetation and habitat models has expanded their use in multidisciplinary applications to the riparian corridor. Implementation of these models in software packages on personal desktop computers has made them accessible to the general engineering community, and their use has been popularized by the need of minimal training due to intuitive graphical user interface front ends. Models are, however, complex and nontrivial, to the extent that even common terminology is sometimes ambiguous and often applied incorrectly. In fact, many efforts are currently under way in order to standardize terminology and offer guidelines for good practice, but none has yet reached unanimous acceptance. This chapter provides a view of the elements involved in modeling surface flows for the application in environmental water resources engineering. It presents the concepts and steps necessary for rational model development and use by starting with the exploration of the ideas involved in defining a model. Tangible form of those ideas is provided by the development of a mathematical and corresponding numerical hydraulic model, which is given with a substantial amount of detail. The issues of model deployment in a practical and productive work environment are also addressed. The chapter ends by presenting a few model applications highlighting the need for good quality control in model validation.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Hydraulic modeling development and application in water resources engineering
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-11023-3_6
Volume 14
Year Published 2015
Language English
Publisher Springer
Contributing office(s) National Research Program - Central Branch
Description 49 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Monograph
Larger Work Title Advances in water resources engineering
First page 247
Last page 295