Subsea ice-bearing permafrost on the U.S. Beaufort Margin: 2. Borehole constraints

Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
By: , and 

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Abstract

Borehole logging data from legacy wells directly constrain the contemporary distribution of subsea permafrost in the sedimentary section at discrete locations on the U.S. Beaufort Margin and complement recent regional analyses of exploration seismic data to delineate the permafrost's offshore extent. Most usable borehole data were acquired on a ∼500 km stretch of the margin and within 30 km of the contemporary coastline from north of Lake Teshekpuk to nearly the U.S.-Canada border. Relying primarily on deep resistivity logs that should be largely unaffected by drilling fluids and hole conditions, the analysis reveals the persistence of several hundred vertical meters of ice-bonded permafrost in nearshore wells near Prudhoe Bay and Foggy Island Bay, with less permafrost detected to the east and west. Permafrost is inferred beneath many barrier islands and in some nearshore and lagoonal (back-barrier) wells. The analysis of borehole logs confirms the offshore pattern of ice-bearing subsea permafrost distribution determined based on regional seismic analyses and reveals that ice content generally diminishes with distance from the coastline. Lacking better well distribution, it is not possible to determine the absolute seaward extent of ice-bearing permafrost, nor the distribution of permafrost beneath the present-day continental shelf at the end of the Pleistocene. However, the recovery of gas hydrate from an outer shelf well (Belcher) and previous delineation of a log signature possibly indicating gas hydrate in an inner shelf well (Hammerhead 2) imply that permafrost may once have extended across much of the shelf offshore Camden Bay.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Subsea ice-bearing permafrost on the U.S. Beaufort Margin: 2. Borehole constraints
Series title Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
DOI 10.1002/2016GC006582
Volume 17
Issue 11
Year Published 2016
Language English
Publisher AGU Publications
Contributing office(s) Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Description 21 p.
First page 4333
Last page 4353