Chemical data from three different series of diagenetic illite/smectites (I/S), analyzed statistically by two regresion techniques, indicate that the content of fixed-K per illite layer is not constant, but ranges from ∼0.55 per O10(OH)2 for illite layers in randomly interstratified I/S (R=0; > 50% smectite layers) to ∼1.0 per O10(OH)2 for illite layers formed in ordered I/S (R>0; <50% smectite layers). By extrapolation of the experimental data, the following chemical characteristics were obtained for end-member illite derived from the alteration of smectite in bentonite: average fixed-K per illite layer = 0.75 per O10(OH)2; total charge = about −0.8; cation-exchange capacity = 15 meq/100 g; surface area (EGME) = 150 m2/g.
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Chemistry of illite/smectite and end-member illite|
|Series title||Clays and Clay Minerals|
|Publisher||The Clay Minerals Society|
|Contributing office(s)||Toxic Substances Hydrology Program|
|Google Analytic Metrics||Metrics page|