Volcano warning systems: Chapter 67

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Abstract

Messages conveying volcano alert level such as Watches and Warnings are designed to provide people with risk information before, during, and after eruptions. Information is communicated to people from volcano observatories and emergency management agencies and from informal sources and social and environmental cues. Any individual or agency can be both a message sender and a recipient and multiple messages received from multiple sources is the norm in a volcanic crisis. Significant challenges to developing effective warning systems for volcanic hazards stem from the great diversity in unrest, eruption, and post-eruption processes and the rapidly advancing digital technologies that people use to seek real-time risk information. Challenges also involve the need to invest resources before unrest to help people develop shared mental models of important risk factors. Two populations of people are the target of volcano notifications–ground- and aviation-based populations, and volcano warning systems must address both distinctly different populations.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Volcano warning systems: Chapter 67
DOI 10.1016/B978-0-12-385938-9.00067-5
Year Published 2015
Language English
Publisher Academic Press
Publisher location Boston, MA
Contributing office(s) Volcano Science Center
Description 13 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Monograph
Larger Work Title Encyclopedia of Volcanoes, 2nd Edition
First page 1173
Last page 1185