Sand lance as cornerstone prey for predator populations

By: , and 
Edited by: Martin D. RobardsMary F. WillsonRobert H. Armstrong, and John F. Piatt



Sand lance (Ammodytes) constitute a major prey for at least some populations of over 100 species of consumer, including 40 species of birds, 12 species of marine mammals, 45 species of fishes, and some invertebrates. Variation in the availability of sand lance (and other forage fishes) can have major effects on the breeding success and survival of their predators. Commercial fishing and other pressures on sand lance populations potentially have ramifying effects on many species of wildlife.

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Sand lance as cornerstone prey for predator populations
Year Published 1999
Language English
Publisher USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station
Publisher location Portland, OR
Contributing office(s) Alaska Science Center
Description 28 p.
Larger Work Type Report
Larger Work Subtype Federal Government Series
Larger Work Title Sand lance: A review of biology and predator relations and annotated bibliography (USDA Forest Service Research Paper PNW-RP-521)
First page 17
Last page 44
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