An investigation of soil-structure interaction effects observed at the MIT Green Building

Earthquake Spectra
By: , and 



The soil-foundation impedance function of the MIT Green Building is identified from its response signals recorded during an earthquake. Estimation of foundation impedance functions from seismic response signals is a challenging task, because: (1) the foundation input motions (FIMs) are not directly measurable, (2) the as-built properties of the super-structure are only approximately known, and (3) the soil-foundation impedance functions are inherently frequency-dependent. In the present study, aforementioned difficulties are circumvented by using, in succession, a blind modal identification (BMID) method, a simplified Timoshenko beam model (TBM), and a parametric updating of transfer functions (TFs). First, the flexible-base modal properties of the building are identified from response signals using the BMID method. Then, a flexible-base TBM is updated using the identified modal data. Finally, the frequency-dependent soil-foundation impedance function is estimated by minimizing the discrepancy between TFs (of pairs instrumented floors) that are (1) obtained experimentally from earthquake data and (2) analytically from the updated TBM. Using the fully identified flexible-base TBM, the FIMs as well as building responses at locations without instruments can be predicted, as demonstrated in the present study.

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Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title An investigation of soil-structure interaction effects observed at the MIT Green Building
Series title Earthquake Spectra
DOI 10.1193/072215EQS118M
Volume 32
Issue 4
Year Published 2016
Language English
Publisher Earthquake Engineering Research Institute
Contributing office(s) Earthquake Science Center
Description 24 p.
First page 2425
Last page 2448
Country United States
State Massachussets
City Cambridge
Other Geospatial MIT Green Building
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