Macroinvertebrate community change associated with the severity of streamflow alteration

River Research and Applications
By: , and 

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Abstract

Natural streamflows play a critical role in stream ecosystems, yet quantitative relations between streamflow alteration and stream health have been elusive. One reason for this difficulty is that neither streamflow alteration nor ecological responses are measured relative to their natural expectations. We assessed macroinvertebrate community condition in 25 mountain streams representing a large gradient of streamflow alteration, which we quantified as the departure of observed flows from natural expectations. Observed flows were obtained from US Geological Survey streamgaging stations and discharge records from dams and diversion structures. During low-flow conditions in September, samples of macroinvertebrate communities were collected at each site, in addition to measures of physical habitat, water chemistry and organic matter. In general, streamflows were artificially high during summer and artificially low throughout the rest of the year. Biological condition, as measured by richness of sensitive taxa (Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Trichoptera) and taxonomic completeness (O/E), was strongly and negatively related to the severity of depleted flows in winter. Analyses of macroinvertebrate traits suggest that taxa losses may have been caused by thermal modification associated with streamflow alteration. Our study yielded quantitative relations between the severity of streamflow alteration and the degree of biological impairment and suggests that water management that reduces streamflows during winter months is likely to have negative effects on downstream benthic communities in Utah mountain streams. 

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Macroinvertebrate community change associated with the severity of streamflow alteration
Series title River Research and Applications
DOI 10.1002/rra.2626
Volume 30
Issue 1
Year Published 2014
Language English
Publisher River Research and Applications
Contributing office(s) National Water Quality Assessment Program
Description 11 p.
First page 29
Last page 39
Country United States
State Utah, Wyoming