Anticoagulant rodenticides and wildlife: Introduction

By: , and 
Edited by: Nico W. van den BrinkJohn E. ElliottRichard F. Shore, and Barnett A. Rattner

Links

Abstract

Rodents have interacted with people since the beginning of systematic food storage by humans in the early Neolithic era. Such interactions have had adverse outcomes such as threats to human health, spoiling and consumption of food sources, damage to human infrastructure and detrimental effects on indigenous island wildlife (through inadvertent anthropogenic assisted introductions). These socio/economic and environmental impacts illustrate the clear need to control populations of commensal rodents. Different methods have been applied historically but the main means of control in the last decades is through the application of rodenticides, mainly anticoagulant rodenticides (ARs) that inhibit blood clotting. The so-called First Generation Anticoagulant Rodenticides (FGARs) proved highly effective but rodents increasingly developed resistance. This led to a demand for more effective alternative compounds and paved the way to the development of Second Generation Anticoagulant Rodenticides (SGARs). These were more acutely toxic and persistent, making them more effective but also increasing the risks of exposure of non-target species and secondary poisoning of predatory species. SGARs often fail the environmental thresholds of different regulatory frameworks because of these negative side-effects, but their use is still permitted because of the overwhelming societal needs for rodent control and the lack of effective alternatives. This book provides a state-of-the-art overview of the scientific advancements in assessment of environmental exposure, effects and risks of currently used ARs. This is discussed in relation to the societal needs for rodent control, including risk mitigation and development of alternatives.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Anticoagulant rodenticides and wildlife: Introduction
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-64377-9_1
Volume 5
Year Published 2018
Language English
Publisher Springer
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description 9 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Monograph
Larger Work Title Anticoagulant rodenticides and wildlife
First page 1
Last page 9