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Urban growth and landscape connectivity threats assessment at Saguaro National Park, Arizona, USA

Journal of Land Use Science

By:
, ORCID iD , , , , and ORCID iD
https://doi.org/10.1080/1747423X.2018.1455905

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Abstract

Urban and exurban expansion results in habitat and biodiversity loss globally. We hypothesize that a coupled-model approach could connect urban planning for future cities with landscape ecology to consider wildland habitat connectivity. Our work combines urban growth simulations with models of wildlife corridors to examine how species will be impacted by development to test this hypothesis. We leverage a land use change model (SLEUTH) with structural and functional landscape-connectivity modeling techniques to ascertain the spatial extent and locations of connectivity related threats to a national park in southern Arizona, USA, and describe how protected areas might be impacted by urban expansion. Results of projected growth significantly altered structural connectivity (80%) when compared to current (baseline) corridor conditions. Moreover, projected growth impacted functional connectivity differently amongst species, indicating resilience of some species and near-complete displacement of others. We propose that implementing a geospatial-design-based model will allow for a better understanding of the impacts management decisions have on wildlife populations. The application provides the potential to understand both human and environmental impacts of land-system dynamics, critical for long-term sustainability.

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Urban growth and landscape connectivity threats assessment at Saguaro National Park, Arizona, USA
Series title:
Journal of Land Use Science
DOI:
10.1080/1747423X.2018.1455905
Edition:
Online First
Year Published:
2018
Language:
English
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Contributing office(s):
Western Geographic Science Center
Country:
United States
State:
Arizona
Other Geospatial:
Saguaro National Park