Nest predation risk explains variation in avian clutch size

Behavioral Ecology
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Abstract

Questions about the ecological drivers of, and mechanistic constraints on, productivity have driven research on life-history evolution for decades. Resource availability and offspring mortality are considered among the 2 most important influences on the number of offspring per reproductive attempt. We used a factorial experimental design to manipulate food abundance and perceived offspring predation risk in a wild avian population (red-faced warblers; Cardellina rubrifrons) to identify the mechanistic cause of variation in avian clutch size. Additionally, we tested whether female quality helped explain the extant variation in clutch size. We found no support for the Food Limitation or Female Quality Hypotheses, but we did find support for both predictions of the Nest Predation Risk Hypothesis. Females that experienced an experimentally heightened perception of offspring predation risk responded by laying a smaller clutch than females in the control group. Additionally, predation rates at artificial nests were highest where red-faced warbler clutch size was smallest (at high elevations). Life-history theory predicts that an individual should invest less in reproduction when high nest predation risk reduces the likely benefit from that nesting attempt and, indeed, we found that birds exhibit phenotypic plasticity in clutch size by laying fewer eggs in response to increasing nest predation risk.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Nest predation risk explains variation in avian clutch size
Series title Behavioral Ecology
DOI 10.1093/beheco/arx130
Volume 29
Issue 2
Year Published 2018
Language English
Publisher Oxford Academic
Contributing office(s) Coop Res Unit Seattle
Description 11 p.
First page 301
Last page 311