Seismological, geological, and geotechnical engineering aspects of the 2018 MW 6.6 Hokkaido Eastern Iburi earthquake

By: , and 

Links

Abstract

The 2018 Hokkaido Eastern Iburi MW6.6 earthquake struck the southern coast of the north island of Japan in the early morning (3:08 AM JST) on September 6, 2018. The event had a hypocentral depth of 35 km, centered beneath the port city of Tomakomai. Extremely strong shaking with peak ground acceleration in excess of 0.5 g was felt in the communities directly north of Tomakomai, in the districts of Abira and Atsuma. There, a very high density of landslides occurred in pumices soil that affected the majority of slopes in the region above the floodplain. These landslides were typically a thin veneer of 1 to 3 m of recent (<9000 ybp) volcanic pumice mantling older Kawabata marine sedimentary rocks. The source of the pumice layers are recent eruptions from Mt. Tarumae, south of Shikotsu-ko Caldera lake. Several block megaslides were observed in the Kawabata marine unit. A flow failure resulting from soil collapse or liquefaction was observed in fill deposits placed in a residential community district of Kiyota ward in Sapporo. The community, Satozuka-1 is situated on a natural steep ravine that was filled with pumice soil to level construction area to a gently sloping landscape for housing construction. The flow failure consisted of lateral migration of soil from the upper slope regions of the community onto the surface of the lower community. The upper community topographically deflated as large quantities of fluidized soil flooded the lower streets.

Study Area

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype Other Government Series
Title Seismological, geological, and geotechnical engineering aspects of the 2018 MW 6.6 Hokkaido Eastern Iburi earthquake
DOI 10.18118/G6CM1K
Year Published 2019
Language English
Publisher Geotechnical Extreme Events Reconnaissance Association (GEER)
Contributing office(s) Earthquake Hazards Program, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center
Description 105 p.
Country Japan
Other Geospatial Hokkaido