Soils and aquifers are major compartments of the subsurface environment, which together control the terrestrial hydrological cycle. This subsurface is important for water resources and also as repository for municipal, industrial, and government waste. Aquifers are typically recharged by natural rainfall entering the soil profile and leaching into deeper soil layers. Due to intensive agricultural or industrial activities the leachate leaving the soil profile and entering the aquifer may contain concentrations of toxic substances such as agrochemicals, heavy metals, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. At contaminated industrial sites light and dense non-aqueous phase liquids (LNAPLs, DNAPLs) may be transported as a separate phase to the underlying aquifer systems. Once any of these chemicals have entered the aquifer they can be transported over large horizontal distances thus contaminating large parts of the aquifer and threateningwater supplywells. Remediation of highly contaminated aquifer systems is commonly a long-term and expensive proposition. As safe and effective use of the subsurface environment is a major challenge facing our society, there is a great need to improve our understanding of the shallow subsurface and the groundwater systems. This particularly includes the understanding of transport processes, which are responsible for the fate of contaminants.
|Publication type||Book chapter|
|Publication Subtype||Book Chapter|
|Title||Solute transport processes|
|Contributing office(s)||Office of Ground Water|
|Google Analytic Metrics||Metrics page|