The Zn–Pb mineralization of Florida Canyon, an evaporite-related Mississippi Valley-type deposit in Bongará district, northern Peru

Economic Geology
By: , and 

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Abstract

The Florida Canyon evaporite-related Zn–Pb sulfide deposit, in northern Peru, is one of the largest Mississippi Valley-type (MVT) deposits in South America. Triassic carbonate and former evaporite-bearing rocks of the Pucará Group host the ore bodies that comprise two different styles: (i) predominantly stratabound ore associated with hydrocarbon-rich porous dolostones and evaporite dissolution breccias; and (ii) high-grade ore associated with evaporite breccias representing diapiric injections along faults. A dome structure that controls the location of the ore deposit was defined by drillhole spatial data; the dome likely resulted from halokinetic processes during Andean deformation. NNE-trending steeply dipping secondary faults linked to major NW structures appear to control the distribution of ore grades in the deposit. Mineralization post-dated hydrocarbon migration and accumulation. Strontium, carbon, and oxygen data isotopic signatures allow distinction between pre-and syn-mineralization carbonate stages. The sulfur isotopic composition of sulfides in the deposit suggests they precipitated as the result of mixing of a metal-rich fluid with resident hydrogen sulfide in the dome. Local thermochemical sulfate reduction (TSR) may have contributed to the reduced sulfur budget during mineralization.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title The Zn–Pb mineralization of Florida Canyon, an evaporite-related Mississippi Valley-type deposit in Bongará district, northern Peru
Series title Economic Geology
DOI 10.5382/econgeo.4690
Volume 114
Issue 8
Year Published 2019
Language English
Publisher Society of Economic Geologists
Contributing office(s) Central Mineral and Environmental Resources Science Center
Description 27 p.
First page 1621
Last page 1647
Country Peru