Seismic design and hazard maps: Before and after
The 1994 Northridge earthquake generated world-record ground motions. At the time, the horizontal peak ground acceleration of 1.8 g measured by a seismometer in Tarzana was the largest ever. The same is true of the peak ground velocity of 148 cm/s measured in Granada Hills. Both measurements were within approximately 15 km of the source of the earthquake; they were also near most of the damage described in other articles of this series. Consequently, the near-source design forces from the seismic zone maps in the Uniform Building Code (UBC) were increased. From the 1994 to 1997 editions, acceleration- and velocity-related near-source factors were introduced. The factors increased the design forces in Zone 4, already the highest seismic zone, by a multiplier as large as 2.0. More enduringly, generational changes were made to the seismic design maps in the NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provisions for New Buildings and Other Structures. The NEHRP maps were – and continue to be – adopted into the International Building Code (IBC), which supplanted the UBC and other model building codes. As described below, the changes to the NEHRP maps took advantage of another post-Northridge change: the modern generation of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Seismic Hazard Maps.
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Seismic design and hazard maps: Before and after|
|Publisher||National Council of Structural Engineers Associations|
|Contributing office(s)||Geologic Hazards Science Center|
|Google Analytics Metrics||Metrics page|