Lava temperatures in the 1959 Kilauea eruption and cooling lake

GSA Bulletin
By: , and 

Links

Abstract

The 1959 summit eruption of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii, filled the crater of Kilauea Iki with a lake of lava 365 feet deep. Temperatures of the erupting basalt ranged between 1060° and 1190°C. Temperatures down a 12.7-foot-deep hole, drilled into the crust of the lake 5 months after cessation of eruptive activity, agree with calculated temperatures based on the heat equation. The cooling effect of rainfall is pronounced only in the upper 3½ feet of the crust.

Study Area

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Lava temperatures in the 1959 Kilauea eruption and cooling lake
Series title GSA Bulletin
DOI 10.1130/0016-7606(1961)72[791:LTITKE]2.0.CO;2
Volume 72
Issue 5
Year Published 1961
Language English
Publisher Geological Society of America
Description 4 p.
First page 791
Last page 794
Country United States
State Hawaii
Other Geospatial Kilauea Volcano
Google Analytics Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details