The work described in this paper was all done in connection with dam‐site investigations and was not directly connected with hydrology. However, geophysics is coming to have a place in hydrologic investigations, and these results may throw some light on what can be accomplished by resistivity‐measurements.
We have found that,for many questions not involving exact determinations of depth, resistivity‐ measurements give conclusive answers. Ordinarily a reliable answer can be expected to the question of the existence of a buried channel if the covering is composed of unconsolidated material with a resistivity differing from that of the rock. For example, topographic surveys were made at two alternative dam‐sites on a river about four miles apart. Examination of the surface‐geology indicated that a channel burled under glacial debris possibly existed at each site, but resistivity‐measurements proved that such a channel existed at one site and not at the other. On the other hand, at another site the geologist suspected there might be an old channel on a steep side hill. Geophysical measurements showed a depth of overburden of 46 feet and showed that if a deeper channel exists it must be narrow; but they did not show positively that no such channel exists. Probably a careful survey with a large number of lines would have given a more definite answer, but the rough topography interfered with the resistivity‐work, and time and money were not available for a detailed survey. After completion of the geophysical work, the geologist located some outcrops which led him to conclude that no old channel exists at this site. At two other dam‐sites in Oregon resistivity‐measurements showed that there were no burled channels.
Additional publication details
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Results to be expected from resistivity‐measurements|
|Series title||Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union|
|Publisher||American Geophysical Union|
|Google Analytic Metrics||Metrics page|