Non-crop habitat use by wild bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) in a mixed-use agricultural landscape

Environmental Entomology
By: , and 

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Abstract

Homogeneous, agriculturally intense landscapes have abundant records of pollinator community research, though similar studies in the forest-dominated, heterogeneous mixed-use landscape that dominates the northeastern United States are sparse. Trends of landscape effects on wild bees are consistent across homogeneous agricultural landscapes, whereas reported studies in the northeastern United States have not found this consistency. Additionally, the role of noncrop habitat in mixed-use landscapes is understudied. We assessed wild bee communities in the mixed-use lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium Ait.) production landscape of Maine, United States at 56 sites in eight land cover types across two regional landscapes and analyzed effects of floral resources, landscape pattern, and spatial scale on bee abundance and species richness. Within survey sites, cover types with abundant floral resources, including lowbush blueberry fields and urban areas, promoted wild bee abundance and diversity. Cover types with few floral resources such as coniferous and deciduous/mixed forest reduced bee abundance and species richness. In the surrounding landscape, lowbush blueberry promoted bee abundance and diversity, while emergent wetland and forested land cover strongly decreased these measures. Our analysis of landscape configuration revealed that patch mixing can promote wild bee abundance and diversity; however, this was influenced by strong variation across our study landscape. More surveys at intra-regional scales may lead to better understanding of the influence of mixed-use landscapes on bee communities.

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Non-crop habitat use by wild bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) in a mixed-use agricultural landscape
Series title Environmental Entomology
DOI 10.1093/ee/nvaa001
Volume 49
Issue 2
Year Published 2020
Language English
Publisher Entomology Society of America
Contributing office(s) Coop Res Unit Leetown
Description 14 p.
First page 502
Last page 515
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