Many seismically active areas suffer from a lack of near‐source ground‐motion recordings, making ground‐motion prediction difficult at distances within ∼40 km∼40 km from an earthquake. We aim to aid the development of near‐source ground‐motion prediction equations (GMPEs) by generating synthetic ground‐motion data via simulation. Building on previous work using point‐source moment tensor sources to simulate small (MwMw 3–4) earthquakes for a target region encompassing north central Oklahoma and south central Kansas, we perform dynamic rupture simulations of earthquakes up to MwMw 5.8. We introduce complexity into the rupture process by adding stochastically generated heterogeneity to initial stress conditions. Our simulated ground‐motion data are added to a catalog of recorded ground‐motion data to construct a composite recorded‐simulated ground‐motion catalog that we use to develop a GMPE for the target region. This procedure can be generalized and used for GMPE development in other regions with near‐source ground‐motion data scarcity, which could directly benefit critical applications such as the National Seismic Hazard Maps produced by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Combining dynamic rupture simulations with ground motion data to characterize seismic hazard from Mw 3-5.8 earthquakes in Oklahoma and Kansas|
|Series title||Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America|
|Publisher||Seismological Society of America|
|Contributing office(s)||Geologic Hazards Science Center|
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