“Iron Water” from wells: Causes and prevention




Chemical analyses of ground‐water samples taken from differing depths in a four‐county area in east Texas showed a general stratification with respect to dissolved iron, pH and hardness. On the basis of this stratification the waters of the ground‐water reservoir were divided into a shallow zone of oxidation, A; a deep zone of reduction, C; and an intermediate and unstable zone, B, in which waters from above and below are mixed. Ground water from zones A and C generally is almost free of iron, whereas water from zone B generally contains objectionable amounts. This zoning is explained by recent laboratory work and theoretical data on iron in natural waters. Wells constructed to draw only from zones A or C should yield water relatively free of iron

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title “Iron Water” from wells: Causes and prevention
Series title Groundwater
DOI 10.1111/j.1745-6584.1966.tb01586.x
Volume 4
Issue 1
Year Published 1966
Language English
Publisher NGWA The Groundwater Association
Description 4 p.
First page 18
Last page 21
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