A conceptual framework to integrate biodiversity, ecosystem function, and ecosystem service models

BioScience
By: , and 

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Abstract

Global biodiversity and ecosystem service models typically operate independently. Ecosystem service projections thus may be overly optimistic because they do not account for the role of biodiversity in maintaining ecological functions underpinning their provision. We review models used in recent global model intercomparison projects and develop a novel model integration framework to more fully account for the role of biodiversity in ecosystem function, a key gap for linking biodiversity changes to ecosystem services. We propose two model integration pathways. The first uses empirical data on biodiversity-ecosystem function relationships to bridge biodiversity and ecosystem function models and could currently be implemented at the global scale. We also propose a trait-based approach involving greater incorporation of biodiversity into ecosystem function models that can be applied to more systems and taxa than the first pathway. Integrating biodiversity, ecosystem function, and ecosystem service modeling will enhance development of policies to meet global sustainability goals.
Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title A conceptual framework to integrate biodiversity, ecosystem function, and ecosystem service models
Series title BioScience
DOI 10.1093/biosci/biac074
Edition Online First
Year Published 2022
Language English
Publisher Oxford University Press
Contributing office(s) National Climate Adaptation Science Center, North Central Climate Adaptation Science Center
Description 12 p.
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