Maintenance of the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) under laboratory conditions

Edited by: Thomas F. Nalepa and Donald W. Schloesser


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Zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) with a shell length >1 mm are adaptable to laboratory conditions if ammonia levels are low (<1 mg/L) and water temperatures range between 4 and 24 degrees C. The most difficult aspect of maintaining mussels is providing acceptable food that will support growth and survival over a long period of time. Several standard invertebrate foods, such as yeast, bacterial infusions, and live and dried algae were tested for initial acceptance and long-term survival. The mussels accepted and survived best on green algae (either live Chlamydomonas reinhardtii or dried Chlorella sp.). A ration of 3.2 g of algae (dry weight) per 1000 mussels (shell length>10 mm) resulted in an average growth rate of 2 mm/month.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Maintenance of the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) under laboratory conditions
ISBN 0873716965
Year Published 1992
Language English
Publisher Lewis Publishers
Publisher location Boca Raton, FL
Contributing office(s) Great Lakes Science Center
Description p. 733-747
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Other Government Series
Larger Work Title Zebra mussels: Biology, impacts, and control
First page 733
Last page 747