Safe disposal of radionuclides in low-level radioactive-waste repository sites; Low-level radioactive-waste disposal workshop, U.S. Geological Survey, July 11-16, 1987, Big Bear Lake, Calif., Proceedings

Circular 1036
Edited by: Marion S. Bedinger and Peter R. Stevens

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Abstract

In the United States, low-level radioactive waste is disposed by shallow-land burial. Low-level radioactive waste generated by non-Federal facilities has been buried at six commercially operated sites; low-level radioactive waste generated by Federal facilities has been buried at eight major and several minor Federally operated sites (fig. 1). Generally, low-level radioactive waste is somewhat imprecisely defined as waste that does not fit the definition of high-level radioactive waste and does not exceed 100 nCi/g in the concentration of transuranic elements. Most low-level radioactive waste generated by non-Federal facilities is generated at nuclear powerplants; the remainder is generated primarily at research laboratories, hospitals, industrial facilities, and universities. On the basis of half lives and concentrations of radionuclides in low-level radioactive waste, the hazard associated with burial of such waste generally lasts for about 500 years. Studies made at several of the commercially and Federally operated low-level radioactive-waste repository sites indicate that some of these sites have not provided containment of waste nor the expected protection of the environment.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Safe disposal of radionuclides in low-level radioactive-waste repository sites; Low-level radioactive-waste disposal workshop, U.S. Geological Survey, July 11-16, 1987, Big Bear Lake, Calif., Proceedings
Series title Circular
Series number 1036
DOI 10.3133/cir1036
Year Published 1990
Language English
Publisher U.S. Government Printing Office
Publisher location Washington, D.C.
Contributing office(s) Pennsylvania Water Science Center
Description ix, 125 p.
Conference Title Low-level radioactive-waste disposal workshop
Conference Location Big Bear Lake, CA
Conference Date July 11-16, 1987
Country United States