Fort Pulaski National Monument is located on Cockspur Island in Chatham County, Georgia, within the Atlantic Coastal Plain province. The island lies near the mouth of the Savannah River, and consists of small mounds (hummocks), salt marshes, and sediment dredged from the river. A 1,017-foot (ft) (310-meter [m])-deep core drilled at Cockspur Island in 2010 by the U.S. Geological Survey revealed several sedimentary units ranging in age from 43 million years old to present. Sand and mud are present at drilling depths from 0 to 182 ft (56 m), limestone is present at depths from 182 ft (56 m) to 965 ft (295 m), and glauconitic sand is present at depths from 965 ft (295 m) to 1,017 ft (310 m). The limestone and the water within the limestone are referred to collectively as the Floridan aquifer system, which is the primary source of drinking water for the City of Savannah and surrounding communities. In addition to details of the subsurface geology, this fact sheet identifies the following geologic materials used in the construction of Fort Pulaski: (1) granite, (2) bricks, (3) sandstone, and (4) lime mud with oyster shells.
Swezey, C.S., Seefelt, E.L., and Parker, M., 2018, A brief geological history of Cockspur Island at Fort Pulaski National Monument, Chatham County, Georgia: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2018‒3011, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20183011.
ISSN: 2327-6932 (online)
ISSN: 2327-6916 (print)
Additional publication details
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Title||A brief geological history of Cockspur Island at Fort Pulaski National Monument, Chatham County, Georgia|
|Series title||Fact Sheet|
|Publisher||U.S. Geological Survey|
|Publisher location||Reston, VA|
|Contributing office(s)||Eastern Energy Resources Science Center|
|Other Geospatial||Fort Pulaski National Monument|
|Online Only (Y/N)||N|
|Additional Online Files (Y/N)||N|