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Coastal estuaries and lagoons: The delicate balance at the edge of the sea

Fact Sheet 2018-3022

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https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20183022

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Abstract

Coastal communities are increasingly concerned about the dynamic balance between freshwater and saltwater because of its implications for societal, economic, and ecological resources. While the mixing of freshwater and saltwater sources defines coastal estuaries and lagoons, sudden changes in this balance can have a large effect on critical ecosystems and infrastructure. Any change to the delivery of water from either source has the potential to affect the health of both humans and natural biota and also to damage coastal infrastructure. This fact sheet discusses the potential of major shifts in the dynamic freshwater-saltwater balance to alter the environment and coastal stability.

Suggested Citation

Conrads, P.A., Rodgers, K.D., Passeri, D.L., Prinos, S.T., Smith, C., Swarzenski, C.M., and Middleton, B.A., 2018, Coastal estuaries and lagoons: The delicate balance at the edge of the sea: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2018–3022, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20183022.

ISSN: 2327-6932 (online)

ISSN: 2327-6916 (print)

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Dynamic Balance
  • Environmental Response and Coastal Resilience
  • Coastal Vulnerabilities
  • USGS Capabilities
  • References

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Coastal estuaries and lagoons: The delicate balance at the edge of the sea
Series title:
Fact Sheet
Series number:
2018-3022
DOI:
10.3133/fs20183022
Year Published:
2018
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Reston, VA
Contributing office(s):
Wetland and Aquatic Research Center
Description:
4 p.
Online Only (Y/N):
N