To construct the Modified Mercalli Intensity (MMI) ShakeMap for the 1868 Hayward earthquake, we started with two sets of damage descriptions and felt reports. The first set of 100 sites was compiled by A.A. Bullock in the Lawson (1908) report on the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. The second set of 45 sites was compiled by Toppozada et al. (1981) from an extensive search of newspaper archives. We supplemented these two sets of reports with new observations from 30 sites using surveys of cemetery damage, reports of damage to historic adobe structures, pioneer narratives, and reports from newspapers that Toppozada et al. (1981) did not retrieve. The Lawson (1908) and Toppozada et al. (1981) compilations and our contributions are assembled in the Site List.
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USGS Numbered Series
Modified Mercalli Intensity Maps for the 1868 Hayward Earthquake Plotted in ShakeMap Format