thumbnail

Characteristics of peak streamflows and extent of inundation in areas of West Virginia and southwestern Virginia affected by flooding, June 2016

Open-File Report 2017-1140

Prepared in cooperation with the Federal Emergency Management Agency
By:
ORCID iD , ORCID iD , ORCID iD , ORCID iD , ORCID iD , and ORCID iD
https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20171140

Links

  • Document: Report (13.1 MB pdf)
  • Appendixes:
    • Appendix 1 (179 KB pdf) - Graphs Showing Selected Annual Exceedance Probabilities in Relation to Streamflow Using the Expected Moments Algorithm Method for Selected Streamflow-Gaging Stations in West Virginia for the Period of Record through 1990, 2015, and 2016
    • Appendix 2 (12.9 MB pdf) - Graphs Showing Annual Exceedance Probabilities in Relation to Annual Peak Streamflow, Determined Using the Expected Moments Algorithm and Bulletin 17B Methods, for Selected Streamflow-Gaging Stations for the Period of Record through 1990, 2015, and 2016 and Annual Peak Streamflow, by Water Year 1900–2016
    • Appendix 3 (Table 3-1) (36.3 KB xlsx) - Site description exceedance probabilities, equivalent recurrence intervals and summary statistics for 18 streamflow-gaging stations associated with June 2016 Flooding in West Virginia and southwestern Virginia
    • Appendix 3 (Table 3-2) (168 KB xlsx) - Summary from six analyses estimating peak-flow exceedance probabilities at 18 streamflow-gaging stations associated with June 2016 flooding in West Virginia and southwestern Virginia.
    • Appendix 3 (Table 3-3) (46.1 KB xlsx) - Expanded summary of percent changes since 1990 in estimated peak-flow annual exceedance probabilities from six analyses using two methods for 18 streamflow-gaging stations associated with June 2016 flooding in West Virginia and southwestern Virginia using data for the period of record through 1990, 2015, and 2016
  • Data Release: USGS data release - Flood Inundation, Flood Depth, and High-Water Marks for Selected Areas in West Virginia from the June 2016 Flood
  • Download citation as: RIS | Dublin Core

Abstract

Heavy rainfall occurred across central and southern West Virginia in June 2016 as a result of repeated rounds of torrential thunderstorms. The storms caused major flooding and flash flooding in central and southern West Virginia with Kanawha, Fayette, Nicholas, and Greenbrier Counties among the hardest hit. Over the duration of the storms, from 8 to 9.37 inches of rain was reported in areas in Greenbrier County. Peak streamflows were the highest on record at 7 locations, and streamflows at 18 locations ranked in the top five for the period of record at U.S. Geological Survey streamflow-gaging stations used in this study. Following the storms, U.S. Geological Survey hydrographers identified and documented 422 high-water marks in West Virginia, noting location and height of the water above land surface. Many of these high-water marks were used to create flood-inundation maps for selected communities of West Virginia that experienced flooding in June 2016. Digital datasets of the inundation areas, mapping boundaries, and water depth rasters are available online.

Suggested Citation

Austin, S.H., Watson, K.M., Lotspeich, R.R., Cauller, S.J., White, J.S., and Wicklein, S.M., 2017, Characteristics of peak streamflows and extent of inundation in areas of West Virginia and southwestern Virginia affected by flooding, June 2016: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2017–1140, 35 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20171140.

ISSN: 2331-1258 (online)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Abstract 
  • Introduction
  • Weather Conditions Before and During the Flood
  • Methods
  • Estimated Magnitudes and Flood Probabilities for Peak Streamflows
  • Flood-Inundation Maps 
  • Flood Damages
  • Summary
  • References Cited
  • Appendix 1. Graphs Showing Selected Annual Exceedance Probabilities in Relation to Streamflow Using the Expected Moments Algorithm Method for Selected Streamflow-Gaging Stations in West Virginia for the Period of Record through 1990, 2015, and 2016 
  • Appendix 2. Graphs Showing Annual Exceedance Probabilities in Relation to Annual Peak Streamflow, Determined Using the Expected Moments Algorithm and Bulletin 17B Methods, for Selected Streamflow-Gaging Stations for the Period of Record  through 1990, 2015, and 2016 and Annual Peak Streamflow, by Water Year 1900–2016
  • Appendix 3. Three Tables Listing Expanded Summaries of Site Descriptions, Exceedance Probabilities, Equivalent Recurrence Intervals, Statistics, and Percent Change Since 1990 in Estimated Peak-Flow Annual Exceedance Probabilities for 18 Streamflow-Gaging Stations Associated with June 2016 Flooding in West Virginia and Southwestern Virginia Using Data for the Period of Record through 1990, 2015, and 2016 

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Characteristics of peak streamflows and extent of inundation in areas of West Virginia and southwestern Virginia affected by flooding, June 2016
Series title:
Open-File Report
Series number:
2017-1140
DOI:
10.3133/ofr20171140
Year Published:
2017
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Reston, VA
Contributing office(s):
West Virginia Water Science Center, Virginia Water Science Center
Description:
Report: vi, 35 p.; Appendixes 1-3; Data Release
Country:
United States
State:
Virginia, West Virginia
Online Only (Y/N):
Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N):
Y