thumbnail

Additional period and site class maps for the 2014 National Seismic Hazard Model for the conterminous United States

Open-File Report 2018-1111

By:
https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181111

Links

Abstract

The 2014 update of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Seismic Hazard Model (NSHM) for the conterminous United States (2014 NSHM; Petersen and others, 2014, 2015) included probabilistic ground motion maps for 2 percent and 10 percent probabilities of exceedance in 50 years, derived from seismic hazard curves for peak ground acceleration (PGA) and 0.2 and 1.0 second spectral accelerations (SAs) with 5 percent damping for the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) site class boundary B/C (time-averaged shear wave velocity in the upper 30 meters [VS30]=760 meters per second [m/s]). We now provide uniform NEHRP site class maps for 2, 5, and 10 percent probabilities of exceedance in 50 years derived from hazard curves for additional spectral periods. For the central and eastern United States (CEUS) and western United States (WUS), hazard curves and maps for PGA, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 second SAs are now available. The WUS additionally includes hazard curves and maps for 0.75, 3.0, 4.0, and 5.0 second SAs. The use of region-specific suites of weighted ground motion models (GMMs) in the 2014 NSHM precluded the calculation of ground motions for a uniform set of periods and site classes for the conterminous United States. At the time of the development of the 2014 NSHM, there was no consensus in the CEUS on an appropriate site-amplification model to use; therefore, we calculated hazard curves and maps for NEHRP site class A, for which most stable continental GMMs were originally developed, based on simulations for hard rock site conditions (VS30=2,000 m/s). In the WUS, however, the active crustal Next Generation Attenuation Relationships for the WUS (NGA-West2 GMMs) and subduction GMMs allow amplification of ground motions based on site class (defined by VS30); so we calculated hazard curves and maps for NEHRP site classes B (VS30=1,080 m/s), C (VS30=530 m/s), D (VS30=260 m/s), and E (VS30=150 m/s) and site class boundaries A/B (VS30=1,500 m/s), B/C (VS30=760 m/s), C/D (VS30=365 m/s), and D/E (VS30=185 m/s). The 2014 NSHM introduced a set of criteria for selecting GMMs for use in the NSHMs. When calculating additional period and site class maps, we verified whether the 2014 NSHM original suites of GMMs satisfied these ground motion selection criteria at all additional periods and site classes using GMM magnitude-distance scaling relation plots. Results of our analysis show that certain GMMs give unrealistic results at longer periods, distances, and softer soils in the WUS. In these rare instances, the GMM was removed from the original suite of GMMs (for all periods and site classes) and the weights of the remaining GMMs in the suite were renormalized. Ratio maps show these updated suites of weighted GMMs result in probabilistic ground motion changes of less than 10 percent in the WUS at PGA, as well as 0.2 and 1.0 second SAs, except in the Pacific Northwest, where differences as much as 20 percent are seen. Hazard curves and uniform hazard response spectra at test sites across the conterminous United States were produced to verify that results were reasonable. The additional period and site class maps, and the hazard curves from which they were derived, are available for download from the USGS ScienceBase Catalog.

Suggested Citation

Shumway, A.M., Petersen, M.D., Powers, P.M., and Rezaeian, S., 2018, Additional period and site class maps for the 2014 National Seismic Hazard Model for the conterminous United States: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1111, 46 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181111.

ISSN: 2331-1258 (online)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Additional Period and Site Class Maps for the 2014 National Seismic Hazard Model for the Conterminous United States
  • Results
  • Future Updates of the National Seismic Hazard Model for the Conterminous United States
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References Cited
  • Appendix 1. Maps and Data Available for the 2014 National Seismic Hazard Model for the Conterminous United States

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Additional period and site class maps for the 2014 National Seismic Hazard Model for the conterminous United States
Series title:
Open-File Report
Series number:
2018-1111
DOI:
10.3133/ofr20181111
Year Published:
2018
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Reston, VA
Contributing office(s):
Geologic Hazards Science Center
Description:
Report: v, 46 p.; Data release
Country:
United States
Online Only (Y/N):
Y