The rocks, structures, and mineral deposits of the Wadi an Nuqumi quadrangle were formed during three periods of deformation, two of Precambrian age and one of Tertiary and Recent age. The older Precambrian Halaban cycle produced the thick eugeosynclinal suite of interlayered metasedimentary and metavolcanic rocks comprising the Halaban Formation, the numerous synorogenic granitic masses which intrude the layered rocks, and the northward-trending tectonic, plutonic, and metamorphic features of all these rocks which constitute the basic grain of the area. The older Halaban features are everywhere strongly transected, but only slightly deformed and offset, by many eastward-northeastward-, and northwestward-striking fractures and strike-slip faults. Silicic dikes are emplaced in these fractures, and several kinds of barren and metalliferous veins are closely associated with them. All these features are here thought to have formed during a period of deformation of late Precambrian age which produced the Najd Wrench Fault Zone; therefore, these features are named for it. Sporadic remnants of once far more extensive basaltic lava fields and the north-northwestward-striking vertical fractures which occur in them and contain volcanic vents from which they were extruded are the youngest rocks and structures in the Wadi an Nuqumi area. They are thought to have formed during the period of tectonic and volcanic activity which also produced the Red Sea graben.
The principal mineral deposits of the Wadi an Nuqumi area are silicified-carbonate breccia veins which occur in structures of the Najd Wrench Fault deformation and metalliferous quartz veins which are closely associated with them. Only the latter possesses any economic potential, the most promising being the gold and silver-bearing quartz-base metal veins of the Al Numrahniyah and Muthaheel ancient mines.
Additional publication details
USGS Numbered Series
Geology and mineral deposits of the Wadi an Nuqumi quadrangle, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
U.S. Geological Survey],
18 leaves :ill. (some folded, some col.), maps (some folded, some col.) ;27 cm.; 1 sheet