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Water levels and artesian pressures in the Chad Basin of northeastern Nigeria, 1963-68

Open-File Report 72-61

Prepared in cooperation with the Government of Nigreria under the auspices of the United States Agency for International Development
By:
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Abstract

This report presents records of water levels and artesian pressures collected during 1963-68 on an observational network of 116 dug wells and boreholes (drilled wells) in the Chad Basin of northeastern Nigeria. The Chad Basin is underlain by the Chad Formation, a series of fluvio-lacustrine sediments which attain a thickness of 1,500 feet or more in Nigeria. Three water-bearing zones, designated Upper, Middle and Lower, have been identified in the Chad Formation of Nigeria. The Upper Zone aquifer, which contains water under both unconfined and confined conditions, provides the principal source of water to dug wells for domestic and village water supply. The Middle Zone aquifer is tapped by numerous deep boreholes (drilled wells) which provide water by artesian flow in more than 13,000 square miles of Nigeria north and east of Maiduguri. The Lower Zone, which is also confined has only been identified thus far (1969) in the vicinity of Maiduguri.

Study Area

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Water levels and artesian pressures in the Chad Basin of northeastern Nigeria, 1963-68
Series title:
Open-File Report
Series number:
72-61
Year Published:
1969
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Description:
Report: 73 p.; 2 Plates: 20.90 x 19.13 inches and 22.13 x 19.16 inches
Country:
Nigeria
Other Geospatial:
Chad Basin
Scale:
1000000