Sidescan-sonar data collected during May 1978 from the southern New England continental shelf

Open-File Report 81-1127
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Abstract

Sidescan-sonar data were collected aboard R/V WESTWARD (Cruise W-39-4) during May 1978 by the U.S. Geological Survey using an Ocean Research Equipment System. Navigation in the study area was by Loran C. The 368 kilometers of survey were conducted in Block Island Sound, in Rhode Island Sound, and over the mid-Continental Shelf south of Block Island and Martha's Vineyard.

Although the records are generally of good quality, variable ship speeds were caused by changes of wind and sail. Thus, care must be used in dimensional and orientation analysis of the bed-form features observed on the records.

On the midshelf, three bottom types were observed: 1) smooth, featureless sea floor, 2) elongated bodies of megaripples, and 3) ground-fishing trawler marks. The distribution of the .features seems to be related to current velocity, grain-size distribution, water depth, and fishing intensity. The midshelf survey results are discussed with cruise data of R/V CAPE HENLOPEN (also collected in the spring of 1978) \ by Twichell and others.

The sonographs from Block Island and Rhode Island Sounds show a pattern indicative of a till cap atop a submerged part of the coastal end moraine, as well as the megarippled and smooth sea floor.

The original records may be examined in the U.S. Geological Survey offices in Woods Hole, Mass. Copies of the records can be purchased only from the National Geophysical and Solar-Terrestrial Data Center, NOAA/EDIS/NGSDC, Code D621 , 325 Broadway, Boulder, CO 80303 (303-497-6338).

Suggested Citation

McClennen, C.E., 1981, Sidescan-sonar data collected during May 1978 from the southern New England continental shelf: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 1981-1127, 2 p., https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr811127.

ISSN: 2331-1258 (online)

Study Area

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Sidescan-sonar data collected during May 1978 from the southern New England continental shelf
Series title Open-File Report
Series number 81-1127
DOI 10.3133/ofr811127
Year Published 1981
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Description 2 p.
Country United States
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