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Geology of the Ar Rahail ancient gold mine, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Open-File Report 88-26

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Abstract

The Ar Rahail ancient gold mine is a collection of ancient workings in metasedimentary rocks of the Murdama Group adjacent to, and above the flanks of the Rahail stock. Injection of mafic dikes of regional origin was followed by emplacement of the Rahail stock, which consisted of early dikes of porphyritic biotite-bearing hornblende granodiorite, and a later cupola of porphyritic monzogranite. Crystallization of the cupola produced a molybdenum-bearing quartz vein stockwork. Intrusion-heated fluids developed chlorite and sericite alteration zones in the older granodiorite dikes.

Pre-existing northwest-trending faults, possibly re-opened by stock emplacement, were invaded by later fluids that precipitated barren quartz veins and, in the adjacent faulted wall rocks, anomalous gold and arsenic. Gold, however, is restricted to the narrow structures, and, although values as much as 4.2 g/t are present, the tonnages are inadequate for profitable mining. No further work is recommended, because the hoped for dissemination of gold between faults does not exist.

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Additional publication details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Geology of the Ar Rahail ancient gold mine, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Series title:
Open-File Report
Series number:
88-26
Year Published:
1987
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Reston, VA
Description:
Report: iii, 45 p.; Maps: 28 cm.
Country:
Saudi Arabia
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files (Y/N):
N