Level II scour analysis for Bridge 27 (BRIDTH00490027) on Town Highway 049, crossing Broad Brook, Bridgewater, Vermont

Open-File Report 96-195
Prepared in cooperation with Vermont Agency of Transportation and Federal Highway Administration



This report provides the results of a detailed Level II analysis of scour potential at structure BRIDTH00490027 on town highway 49 crossing Broad Brook, Bridgewater, Vermont (figures 1–8). A Level II study is a basic engineering analysis of the site, including a quantitative analysis of stream stability and scour (U.S. Department of Transportation, 1993). A Level I study is included in Appendix E of this report. A Level I study provides a qualitative geomorphic characterization of the study site. Information on the bridge available from VTAOT files was compiled prior to conducting Level I and Level II analyses and can be found in Appendix D. The site is in the Green Mountain physiographic province of central Vermont in the town of Bridgewater. The 13.9-mi2 drainage area is in a predominantly rural and forested basin. In the vicinity of the study site, the left and right banks are pasture with moderate tree cover on the immediate banks. Upstream of bridge 27, a gravel road runs parallel to the left bank. In the study area, the Broad Brook has an incised channel with a slope of approximately 0.007 ft/ft, an average channel top width of 54 ft and an average channel depth of 4 ft. The predominant channel bed materials are gravel and cobble with a D50 (median diameter) of 77.9 mm or 0.256 ft. The geomorphic assessment at the time of the Level I and Level II site visit on November 9, 1994, indicated that the reach was stable. The town highway 49 crossing of the Broad Brook is a 32-ft-long, one-lane bridge consisting of one 31-ft steel-beam span (Vermont Agency of Transportation, written commun., August 24, 1994). The bridge is supported by vertical, concrete abutments with wingwalls. The left abutment is noted as settled due to previous undermining. Type-2 (less than 3 ft diameter) stone fill protects the upstream left and right wingwalls, the downstream right wingwall, the right abutment, the upstream right road embankment, and the downstream left and right road embankments. Type-3 (less than 4 ft diameter) stone fill protects the downstream left wingwall, but it’s condition was reported as slumping. The channel is skewed approximately 10 degrees to the opening; the opening-skew-to-roadway is also 10 degrees. Additional details describing conditions at the site are included in the Level II Summary and Appendices D and E. Scour depths and rock rip-rap sizes were computed using the general guidelines described in Hydraulic Engineering Circular 18 (Richardson and others, 1993). Scour depths were calculated assuming an infinite depth of erosive material and a homogeneous particle-size distribution. The scour analysis results are presented in tables 1 and 2 and a graph of the scour depths is presented in figure 8.

Study Area

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Level II scour analysis for Bridge 27 (BRIDTH00490027) on Town Highway 049, crossing Broad Brook, Bridgewater, Vermont
Series title Open-File Report
Series number 96-195
DOI 10.3133/ofr96195
Year Published 1996
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Description iv, 30 p.
Country United States
State Vermont
City Bridgewater
Other Geospatial Broad Brook