Trends in streamflow and concentrations and loads of total phosphorus, total nitrogen, and nitrate were determined for the period from 1993 to 2003 in selected streams and ricers of the United States. Flow-adjusted trends in concentration (the trends that would have occurred in the absence of natural chances in streamflow), non-flow-adjusted trends in concentration (the trends resulting from both natural and human factors), and trends in load (trends in the nutrient mass transported downstream) were determined, and the results were examined spatially to determine whether a consistent pattern of trends occurred across groups of sites at multiple locations. Relations between the trends and changes in nutrient sources and streamflow are examined. See document for complete abstract.
Additional publication details
USGS Numbered Series
Nutrient Trends in Streams and Rivers of the United States, 1993-2003