Hydrologic and Hydraulic Analyses of Selected Streams in Richland County, Ohio

Scientific Investigations Report 2019-5011
Prepared in cooperation with the Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District and Richland County
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Abstract

Hydrologic and hydraulic analyses were done for selected reaches of Clear Fork Mohican River and Cedar Fork in Richland County, Ohio. To update and expand a portion of the Federal Emergency Management Agency detailed Flood Insurance Study, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District initiated a cooperative study. The study comprised an 18.6-mile reach of the Clear Fork Mohican River and a 5.9-mile reach of Cedar Fork.

Historical streamflow data from the streamgage Clear Fork Mohican River at Bellville, Ohio (USGS station number 03131982) and regional regression equations were used to estimate instantaneous peak streamflows for floods with 10-, 4-, 2-, 1-, and 0.2-percent and 1-percent plus annual exceedance probabilities. The 1-percent plus flood elevation is defined by the Federal Emergency Management Agency as a flood elevation derived by using streamflows that include the average predictive error for the regression equation streamflow calculation for the Flood Risk project. This error is then added to the 1-percent annual exceedance probability flood streamflow to calculate the new 1-percent plus streamflow.

The annual exceedance probability streamflows were then used in a Hydrologic Engineering Center-River Analysis System step-backwater model to determine water-surface elevation profiles and flood-inundation boundaries for the 10-, 4-, 2-, 1-, and 0.2-percent and 1-percent plus annual exceedance probability floods and a regulatory floodway along a selected reach of each stream. The Clear Fork Mohican River model was calibrated to 16 flood events by using the current stage-streamflow relation at the streamgage Clear Fork Mohican River at Bellville, Ohio (USGS station number 03131982) and a submersible pressure transducer. Flood-inundation boundaries for the 1- and 0.2-percent annual exceedance probability floods and a regulatory floodway were mapped for each stream.

Suggested Citation

Ostheimer, C.J., 2019, Hydrologic and hydraulic analyses of selected streams in Richland County, Ohio: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5011, 18 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195011.

ISSN: 2328-0328 (online)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Study Approach
  • Hydrologic Analyses
  • Hydraulic Analyses
  • Development of Flood-Inundation Maps
  • Summary
  • References Cited
  • Appendix 1
  • Appendix 2

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Hydrologic and hydraulic analyses of selected streams in Richland County, Ohio
Series title Scientific Investigations Report
Series number 2019-5011
DOI 10.3133/sir20195011
Year Published 2019
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Ohio-Kentucky-Indiana Water Science Center
Description Report: iv, 18 p., Data Release
Country United States
State Ohio
County Richland county