Simulation of ground-water flow and delineation of areas contributing recharge to municipal water-supply wells, Muscatine, Iowa
Mississippi River alluvium in the Muscatine, Iowa, area provides large quantities of good quality ground water for municipal, industrial, and agricultural supplies. Three municipal well fields for the City of Muscatine produce a total of about 27 million gallons per day from the alluvium. A previously published steady-state ground-water flow model was modified, and results from the model were used with particle-tracking software to delineate approximate areas contributing recharge to Muscatine Power and Water municipal supply wells and to determine zones of transport within the areas contributing recharge.
Under steady-state conditions and 1998 pumpage, primary sources of inflow to the ground-water flow system are recharge through infiltration of precipitation and upland runoff (53 percent) and Mississippi River leakage (41 percent). The primary components of outflow from the ground-water flow system are pumpage (39.6 percent), flow to drainage ditches in Illinois (32.9 percent), and Muscatine Slough leakage (24.7 percent).
Several sources of water are present within estimated areas contributing recharge to Muscatine Power and Water municipal well fields including ground water from the alluvial aquifer, Mississippi River water, and recharge originating as runoff from two unnamed creeks in the northern part of the study area. Recharge originating from the Mississippi River accounts for about 46 percent of the total water discharged from the municipal well fields. The average simulated traveltime of particles tracked from recharge to discharge at the municipal well fields was 13.6 years. Particle-tracking results illustrate the influence of nearby industrial supply wells on the shape and size of the area contributing recharge to Muscatine Power and Water wells. Two large embayments into the area contributing recharge to municipal wells are present along the Mississippi River. These areas represent ground water that is unavailable to municipal wells due to withdrawals by industrial supply wells. Recharge originating from the Mississippi River accounts for about 98 percent of the total water discharged from the Muscatine Power and Water Main well field. However, recharge originating from the Mississippi River accounts for less of the total discharge from the Progress Park and Grandview municipal well fields (12 and 34 percent, respectively).
The effects of changing climatic conditions on the size and shape of the 10-year zone of transport to Muscatine Power and Water municipal well fields were simulated by decreasing and increasing recharge from precipitation to the ground-water model to demonstrate the variability inherent in delineating these areas. Locations of potential sources of contamination within the zones of transport also are identified.
Additional publication details
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Title||Simulation of ground-water flow and delineation of areas contributing recharge to municipal water-supply wells, Muscatine, Iowa|
|Series title||Water-Resources Investigations Report|
|Publisher||U.S. Geological Survey|
|Publisher location||Reston, VA|
|Contributing office(s)||Iowa Water Science Center|
|Description||iv, 26 p.; ill., col. maps; 28 cm.|
|Online Only (Y/N)||N|
|Additional Online Files (Y/N)||N|