Preliminary results of preimpoundment water-quality studies in the Tioga River Basin, Pennsylvania and New York
Water-Resources Investigations Report 76-66
Prepared in cooperation with U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Baltimore District, and the Susquehanna River Basin Commission
- Janice R. Ward
The Tioga River and its major tributaries were sampled monthly from September 1973 to May 1975. Water quality in the Tioga River is degraded by acid-mine drainage entering the stream near Blossburg from both strip- and deep-mined areas. The stream supports few species of aquatic life from Blossburg to its confluence with Crooked Creek. Alkaline water of tributaries Mill Creek, Crooked Creek, and the Cowanesque River counteract the acidity carried downstream from Blossburg, and the water quality of the Tioga River gradually improves, supporting a more diversified population of fish and aquatic life.
All of the streams in the Tioga River basin carry nutrients sufficient for algae blooms. Dissolved solids range from very high to moderately high throughout the basin. The Tioga River has high concentrations of sulfate and heavy metals, particularly iron and manganese. Dissolved oxygen was usually above 80 percent saturation and never dropped below 7.0 milligrams per litre throughout the basin.
Relationships between selected water-quality parameters have been developed for the sampling stations throughout the basin. Downstream trends were also examined. The relationships will be further refined and implemented in predictive water-quality models as more data are collected.
Additional publication details
- Publication type:
- Publication Subtype:
- USGS Numbered Series
- Preliminary results of preimpoundment water-quality studies in the Tioga River Basin, Pennsylvania and New York
- Series title:
- Water-Resources Investigations Report
- Series number:
- Year Published:
- U.S. Geological Survey
- Contributing office(s):
- Pennsylvania Water Science Center
- v, 79 p.
- United States
- New York, Pennsylvania
- Other Geospatial:
- Tioga River Basin
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