Selected hydrologic relationships for Soldier Creek, northeastern Kansas

Water-Resources Investigations Report 81-8



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Hydrologic data from Soldier Creek basin, northeastern Kansas, were compared with relations from statewide data. The quantity and quality of streamflow were affected mostly by soils, slopes, and land use. Average annual precipitation during the study (1964-76) was 35.12 inches, or 2.3 percent greater than the long-term (1929-76) average. The average streamflow in Soldier Creek at Topeka was 23 percent greater than the long-term average. In general, frequency curves of annual peak discharges compared poorly with curves from statewide relations due to the absence of extremely low peaks during the short period. A comparison of low-flow frequency for drainage areas of more than 100 square miles suggests that reasonable results may be obtained by extrapolating the statewide relations to small basins. Comparisons of flow-duration curves confirms the extrapolation for basins of less than 100 square miles, although the percentage duration of mean flow is variable. Water surveys showed that calcium, bicarbonate, and sulfate were the predominant ions and dissolved solids were derived mostly from limestones and shales. Suspended sediment at gaged sites ranged from 9.84 to 848 tons per days; yield per unit area increased significantly between two sites due to changes in slopes and land use. (USGS)

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USGS Numbered Series
Selected hydrologic relationships for Soldier Creek, northeastern Kansas
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Water-Resources Investigations Report
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U.S. Geological Survey,
68 p. :ill., maps ;26 cm.