Low-flow characteristics of Indiana streams

Water-Resources Investigations Report 96-4128
Prepared in cooperation with the Department of Natural Resources, Division of Water
By:  and 



Knowledge of low-flow characteristics of streams is essential for management of water resources. Low-flow characteristics are presented for 229 continuous-record, streamflow-gaging stations and 285 partial-record stations in Indiana. Low- flow-frequency characteristics were computed for 210 continuous-record stations that had at least 10 years of record, and flow-duration curves were computed for all continuous-record stations. Low-flow-frequency and flow-duration analyses are based on available streamflow records through September 1993. Selected low-flow-frequency curves were computed for annual low flows and seasonal low flows. The four seasons are represented by the 3-month groups of March-May, June-August, September-November, and December- February. The 7-day, 10-year and the 7-day, 2 year low flows were estimated for 285 partial-record stations, which are ungaged sites where streamflow measurements were made at base flow. The same low-flow characteristics were estimated for 19 continuous-record stations where less than 10 years of record were available. Precipitation and geology directly influence the streams in Indiana. Streams in the northern, glaciated part of the State tend to have higher sustained base flows than those in the nonglaciated southern part. Flow at several of the continuous-record gaging stations is affected by some form of regulation or diversion. Low-flow characteristics for continuous-record stations at which flow is affected by regulation are determined using the period of record affected by regulation; natural flows prior to regulation are not used.

Study Area

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Low-flow characteristics of Indiana streams
Series title Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number 96-4128
DOI 10.3133/wri964128
Year Published 1996
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Indianapolis, IN
Contributing office(s) Indiana Water Science Center
Description iv, 313 p. (some folded) :maps ;28 cm.
First page 1
Last page 313
Country United States
State Indiana
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N