Estimation of Potential Runoff-Contributing Areas in the Kansas-Lower Republican River Basin, Kansas

Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4089
Prepared in cooperation with the Kansas Department of Health and Environment



Digital soils and topographic data were used to estimate and compare potential runoff-contributing areas for 19 selected subbasins representing soil, slope, and runoff variability within the Kansas-Lower Republican (KLR) River Basin. Potential runoff-contributing areas were estimated separately and collectively for the processes of infiltration-excess and saturation-excess overland flow using a set of environmental conditions that represented high, moderate, and low potential runoff. For infiltration-excess overland flow, various rainfall intensities and soil permeabilities were used. For saturation-excess overland flow, antecedent soil-moisture conditions and a topographic wetness index were used.

Results indicated that the subbasins with relatively high potential runoff are located in the central part of the KLR River Basin. These subbasins are Black Vermillion River, Clarks Creek, Delaware River upstream from Muscotah, Grasshopper Creek, Mill Creek (Wabaunsee County), Soldier Creek, Vermillion Creek (Pottawatomie County), and Wildcat Creek. The subbasins with relatively low potential runoff are located in the western one-third of the KLR River Basin, with one exception, and are Buffalo Creek, Little Blue River upstream from Barnes, Mill Creek (Washington County), Republican River between Concordia and Clay Center, Republican River upstream from Concordia, Wakarusa River downstream from Clinton Lake (exception), and White Rock Creek. The ability to distinguish the subbasins as having relatively high or low potential runoff was possible mostly due to the variability of soil permeability across the KLR River Basin.

Suggested Citation

Juracek, K.E., 1999, Estimation of potential runoff-contributing areas in the Kansas-Lower Republican River basin, Kansas: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99–4089, 65 p.,

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Estimation of Potential Runoff-Contributing Areas
  • Potential Runoff-Contributing Areas
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • References
Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Estimation of potential runoff-contributing areas in the Kansas-Lower Republican River basin, Kansas
Series title Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number 99-4089
DOI 10.3133/wri994089
Year Published 1999
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Kansas Water Science Center
Description Report: iv, 24 p.; Figures
Country United States
State Kansas
Other Geospatial Kansas-Lower Republican River basin
Scale 670000
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details