Over 120 publications that describe the 1980 eruption effects of Mount St. Helens on rivers, lakes, and the Columbia River estuary are reviewed. Water-quality changes ranged from minor, short-lived effects, to totally altered drainage basins and newly created lakes. Turbidity increased; concentrations of cations, anions, and dissolved organic carbon increased. Migrating fish were adversely affected; benthic-invertebrate populations changed. Ground-water levels rose near the Cowlitz River. Precipitation effects included transient, but increased specific conductance and decreased pH.