Roughness coefficients for 21 stream sites in New York state are presented. The site-specific relation between roughness coefficent and flow depth varies in a predictable manner, depending on energy gradient, relative smoothness (Rd50), and channel-vegetation density. The percentage of wetted perimeter that is vegetated is a useful indicator of when streambank vegetation can affect the roughness coefficient. To estimate the magnitude of this effect requires evaluation of the density and percent of submergence of vegetation.
Additional publication details
USGS Numbered Series
Estimation of roughness coefficients for natural stream channels with vegetated banks
Water Supply Paper
U.S. Geological Survey ;
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