Induction of triploidy and tetraploidy in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.)
Induction of triploidy and tetraploidy in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, was investigated by heat shock, cold shock, hydrostatic pressure, and/or chemicals (cytochalasin A, B, and D). Additionally, efficacy of combined protocols was determined. Heat shock 10 min after fertilization induced triploidy when incubation temperature was 24 C but not when incubation temperature was 31 C. Heat shock of 40–41 C at 4–6 min after fertilization was effective in inducing up to 100% triploidy with hatchability similar to controls. Cold shock at 13 C for 45 min five min after fertilization induced 85–100% triploids. Heat shock and multiple heat shocking were the most effective treatments for the induction of tetraploidy. Two heat treatments of 41 C applied at 65 and 80 min after fertilization for 5 min each produced approximately 80% tetraploidy in hatched fry. Immersion of fertilized eggs in cytochalasin A, B, or D at concentrations up to 10 μg/L applied at various times and durations was ineffective in inducing triploidy or tetraploidy.
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Induction of triploidy and tetraploidy in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.)|
|Series title||Journal of the World Aquaculture Society|
|Publisher||World Aquaculture Society|
|Contributing office(s)||National Wetlands Research Center|
|Google Analytics Metrics||Metrics page|